The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. The native wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), but the species has also been domesticated and introduced into environments worldwide, and is often considered a destructive invasive species, being included in the list of the world's 100 worst invasive species. It gives its name to the carp family Cyprinidae.
Carpio flavipinna, Carpio vulgaris, Cyprinus acuminatus, Cyprinus alepidotus, Cyprinus angulatus, Cyprinus atrovirens, Cyprinus bithynicus, Cyprinus chinensis, Cyprinus cirrosus, Cyprinus conirostris, Cyprinus coriaceus, Cyprinus elatus, Cyprinus festetitsii, Cyprinus fossicola, Cyprinus haematopterus, Cyprinus hungaricus, Cyprinus macrolepidotus, Cyprinus mahuensis, Cyprinus melanotus, Cyprinus nordmannii, Cyprinus nudus, Cyprinus regina, Cyprinus regius, Cyprinus rex, Cyprinus rexcyprinorum, Cyprinus rondeletii, Cyprinus specularis, Cyprinus thermalis, Cyprinus tossicole, Cyprinus viridescens, Cyprinus vittatus
|Albania||Krapi, Krapuliq, Lakeç, Pendëkuqi|
The native populations (Black, Caspian and Aral Sea basins) are slowly but continuously declining due to river regulation. Also hybridisation with domesticated introduced stocks, East Asian congeners and their hybrids, is a serious long term threat for the species. However, superficially pure carp (currently it is impossible to identify pure carp by genetic analysis) are still abundant in the lower parts of rivers within its native range