Florida Keys is an archipelago consisting of 1,700 coral reefs, is located in the south-east of the USA. The archipelago has a total area of 355.6 sq. km. This area is considered as the Diving Capital of the World. The coastline of the archipelago is washed by the Florida Strait, the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Bay.
The islands are surrounded by natural coral reefs which have sunk many ships over the years. Scuba divers come here in hopes of finding hiding places of pirates or sunken treasures. Under the water, you will see an abundance of beautiful landscapes with the hustle and bustle of marine life, as well as being able to have a good look at the rare pillar corals. Some of the reefs have created an enclosed ecosystem. Caves, grottos and cracks are waiting for brave adventurers. Many of them are unexplored by most divers.
In Florida Keys, the airport is located in the City of Key West. Direct flights from Miami, New York and other USA airports arrive here. To get to the archipelago, you would have to rent a car or take a taxi, because the mainland Florida is connected to the islands by motorway bridges.
Subtropical climate of the Florida Keys makes it possible to dive all year round. When the sea is calm, the visibility reaches 10-25 m. From winter to summer, the water temperature changes from +16 °C to +27 °C. The currents here are weak, and in some places there are thermoclines could be found, too. Thunders, hurricanes and tornado are common here. The seasons of hurricanes are the summer and the beginning of autumn.
Near the Marathon Key shore, at the depth of 35 m. lies a Thunderbolt ship, which has become home to goliath groupers and other reef fish. Not far from the Looe Key reef, a 64-meter-long Adolphus Busch sunk, which makes it the biggest wreck of the region. The Molasses reef with the depth of 18 m. is located in the south if the Florida Keys Underwater Park. This coral bank with canyons and ridges is a home for moray eel, Old World silverside, trevally and Bermuda chubs.