Scuba Diving in Tanzania

The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the east. Other water bodies are represented by the lakes located along the Great Rift Valley: Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika. The diving depth here may range from 6 to 45 m. The seafloor is covered with corals and stones of different sizes and weird shapes. The current is weak and calm. Underwater walls and coral reefs are typical to these places. The lakes are inhabited by fire dartfish, giant groupers, and yellowfin tunas. Different species of sharks are also found here depending on the season, for example, whale sharks, grey-tip sharks, white-tip sharks, and hammerhead sharks. Exotic reef fish live among bright reefs.

Reasons to Visit

Where to go
in Tanzania?
Many divers enjoy exploring local ancient historical objects, such as the Great Northern Wreck. This ship belonged to Britain and sunk just before 1902. It has become home for lionfishes, moray eels and eels. Excellent visibility makes diving even more impressive. At the end of summer whales are found here, and in winter and spring, you may come across whale sharks.
The opportunity to dive into the salty waters of the Indian Ocean near the coast of Pemba Island is truly delightful. There are colourful reefs with bright fish swimming around them. If you are lucky, you will come across the giant groupers. The freshwaters of Tanzania also have a lot of interesting things to show you. For example, Lake Tanganyika is a habitat for hundreds of species of cichlids which intrigue with their bright colours emphasized by crystal clear water.
Colourful coral fields and an abundance of tropical marine life are waiting for you. Here you will find the rare white shark, hammerhead shark with an interestingly shaped nose, dartfish, ribbon eel, whale sharks, green turtles, and tunas. There are several suitable dive spots in Zanzibar. They are Stoun-Town in Kenyatta Street and Pange Reef with unusual corals and bright tropical fish.
Lake Tanganyika is one of the freshwater lakes in Tanzania. During the dive into its crystal clear waters, you will see hundreds of species of cichlids. Some of them are very bright. You should stay in an African hotel, which is called a lodge, and dive at a height above the sea level.
An island in the shape of a horseshoe called Bongoyo. It is famous for its long coral reef with almost 500 species of creatures. Here you will find clownfish, butterflyfish, rainbow fish. Deep diving enthusiasts will come across turtles and barracudas. At the coast of Mnemba Island, divers will get a chance to dive near coral walls and real reef gardens.
Memo Notes
Currency TZS - Tanzanian Shilling
Languages English
Timezone UTC +3
Phone code 255
Emergency Help 112

Type D - 230 V, 50 Hz

Type G - 230 V, 50 Hz

Dive Shops in Tanzania

Tanzania is a popular destination among divers, where dive shops are well developed. If you want to upgrade your qualification, go to any local dive shop. Most of them practice the international education system, so certificates received in Zanzibar will be valid everywhere around the world.

Сlimate & Seasonality

In September the air temperature reaches +27-30 ˚С, and ocean water temperature is around +26 ˚С. In October the high season ends and November brings hot and humid weather. The air and water warm up to +35 ˚С and +28 °C respectively.


In December, the weather is humid and hot. The air temperature reaches +30-35 ˚С and the water warms up to 29 ˚С. The temperatures remain the same in January. The water becomes murky near the coast.


In March, the air temperature slightly fluctuates between +27 and +30 ˚С while the water warms up to +28 ˚С. April brings malarial mosquitoes and the temperature increases by one degree. The high season continues in May.


June is quite dry with almost no rains. The air temperature sits between +26 and +29 ˚С and the water temperature is +27 ˚С. In July the weather continues to be comfortable, the water is calm. August brings some hotter weather with it.

high season
middle season
low season

The Best Dive Sites

Leven is a popular destination among professional divers, where they can take an exciting dive into the waters of the Indian Ocean. The strong oceanic currents are inhabited by predatory fish, such as moray eels, jackfish, barracuda, jack mackerel, tuna and Labrus.

Health & Safety

The healthcare in Tanzania is very limited, some medications cannot be found even in big cities. It is necessary to purchase a health insurance before visiting the country. In serious cases (disease or a car accident) you will be evacuated by air to the nearest countries. Before the trip check the vaccination map and if necessary get vaccinated against measles, parotitis, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, rabies, yellow fever, and poliomyelitis. Avoid insect bites, wear covering clothes and use antimosquito agents: local insects spread yellow fever and other diseases, such as dengue fever, zika virus, filariasis, and East African trypanosomiasis. Be vigilant in Tanzania because of a large number of various crimes from petty thefts to robberies. Do not walk alone at night and be careful during the day. Take care while on public transport, taxis, bus stations, and tourist areas. It is better not to visit some regions of Tanzania because of insufficient security and safety. Ferries may be overloaded or unserviceable, so avoid travelling by such means of transport.

Dangerous Marine Life

Watch your step to avoid sea urchins or sharp shards of coral. Beware of sharks, although they are only found at significant depth. Do not touch jellyfish, as some of them are poisonous.

Eat & Drinks

National dishes are cooked with game meat and local vegetables, which are rather unusual for European cuisine. It is recommended to try antelope fillet and elephant meat served with banana salad, or roast warthog sides and nyama choma. The popular dishes are pickled cabbage, ostrich stew, bean soup, fried potatoes, and octopus stew. A favourite dessert is cakes with banana cream.
It is best to drink only bottled water.
The most common alcoholic drinks are beer, gin and liqueurs. Popular soft drinks are tea, coffee with milk and juice with ice.