The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the east. Other water bodies are represented by the lakes located along the Great Rift Valley: Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika. The diving depth here may range from 6 to 45 m. The seafloor is covered with corals and stones of different sizes and weird shapes. The current is weak and calm. Underwater walls and coral reefs are typical to these places. The lakes are inhabited by fire dartfish, giant groupers, and yellowfin tunas. Different species of sharks are also found here depending on the season, for example, whale sharks, grey-tip sharks, white-tip sharks, and hammerhead sharks. Exotic reef fish live among bright reefs.
Tanzania is a popular destination among divers, where dive shops are well developed. If you want to upgrade your qualification, go to any local dive shop. Most of them practice the international education system, so certificates received in Zanzibar will be valid everywhere around the world.
In September the air temperature reaches +27-30 ˚С, and ocean water temperature is around +26 ˚С. In October the high season ends and November brings hot and humid weather. The air and water warm up to +35 ˚С and +28 °C respectively.
In December, the weather is humid and hot. The air temperature reaches +30-35 ˚С and the water warms up to 29 ˚С. The temperatures remain the same in January. The water becomes murky near the coast.
In March, the air temperature slightly fluctuates between +27 and +30 ˚С while the water warms up to +28 ˚С. April brings malarial mosquitoes and the temperature increases by one degree. The high season continues in May.
June is quite dry with almost no rains. The air temperature sits between +26 and +29 ˚С and the water temperature is +27 ˚С. In July the weather continues to be comfortable, the water is calm. August brings some hotter weather with it.
Leven is a popular destination among professional divers, where they can take an exciting dive into the waters of the Indian Ocean. The strong oceanic currents are inhabited by predatory fish, such as moray eels, jackfish, barracuda, jack mackerel, tuna and Labrus.
The healthcare in Tanzania is very limited, some medications cannot be found even in big cities. It is necessary to purchase a health insurance before visiting the country. In serious cases (disease or a car accident) you will be evacuated by air to the nearest countries. Before the trip check the vaccination map and if necessary get vaccinated against measles, parotitis, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, rabies, yellow fever, and poliomyelitis. Avoid insect bites, wear covering clothes and use antimosquito agents: local insects spread yellow fever and other diseases, such as dengue fever, zika virus, filariasis, and East African trypanosomiasis. Be vigilant in Tanzania because of a large number of various crimes from petty thefts to robberies. Do not walk alone at night and be careful during the day. Take care while on public transport, taxis, bus stations, and tourist areas. It is better not to visit some regions of Tanzania because of insufficient security and safety. Ferries may be overloaded or unserviceable, so avoid travelling by such means of transport.
Watch your step to avoid sea urchins or sharp shards of coral. Beware of sharks, although they are only found at significant depth. Do not touch jellyfish, as some of them are poisonous.
National dishes are cooked with game meat and local vegetables, which are rather unusual for European cuisine. It is recommended to try antelope fillet and elephant meat served with banana salad, or roast warthog sides and nyama choma. The popular dishes are pickled cabbage, ostrich stew, bean soup, fried potatoes, and octopus stew. A favourite dessert is cakes with banana cream.
It is best to drink only bottled water.
The most common alcoholic drinks are beer, gin and liqueurs. Popular soft drinks are tea, coffee with milk and juice with ice.