Norway (Bokmal: Norge) is a northern kingdom located on the Scandinavian Peninsula, the Spitzbergen Archipelago and a many small islands.
It is a developed country with high standards of living, which also has preserved its natural wealth. This land attracts tourists with its green forests and mountain ranges, pristine glaciers, magnificent waterfalls, branched patterns or rivers and lakes, beautiful fjords, white nights and northern lights.
The country is washed by the Barents Sea (Norwegian: Barentshavet), the North Sea (Norwegian: Nordsjøen) and the Norwegian Sea (Norwegian: Norskehavet). The Gulf Stream makes the water warmer than expected, however, divers will need a dry suit or a wetsuit. Here you can try rift diving, diving to submerged objects, diving along underwater cliffs, night diving or swimming among seaweed.
Dive shops and international dive schools in Norway take their business seriously. They ask each diver to show their certificate, and if you come for the first time, you will have to do a check dive with a guide. Dive shops are equipped with boats and pools for equipment desalination. Equipment for rent or sale is available.
Spring comes to Norway in April when the daytime air temperature reaches +10 °C and the water warms up to +6 °C. It is even warmer in May: the air heats up to +16 °C and water is about +11 °C. There is a rare possibility of a frost in the mountains in the north.
Diving in Norway is extreme even in summer. Summers are cool, the average air temperature stays between +20 and +22 °C, and the water warms up to +14 °C in June and +19 °C in August. White nights begin in the north of the country in the middle of June.
In autumn the air temperature goes decreases from +16 °C during September to +3 °C during November. The water temperature drops from +19 °C to +9 ° C. For one-third of this season, it is rainy, the thick fog covers land and water in the morning, and the humidity is high.
In winter the air temperature becomes lower from west to east thanks to the warm ocean current. Winter in northern Norway is the most severe. Here the temperature drops to 40 °C below zero.
There is Fieldstone village on the bottom of the freshwater lyngstøylvatnet lake. As a result of a landslide, the houses went underwater and became home for fish, with seaweed growing on the trees.
Trollveggen is a sheer wall located in a fjord in Gulen and going down into the sea abyss. Its fissures and rock shelters are inhabited by seaweed and microscopic creatures.
Norway meets high standards of healthcare service both in big cities and in rural areas. If you need medical aid while in the northern regions, evacuation to the central part of the country will be required. It is very expensive, so it is recommended to purchase a full-coverage travel insurance. Vaccination before the trip is not necessary.
There are ticks in summer in the south of the country. That's why you should wear trousers and long-sleeved tops if you are going to walk through the high grass.
The crime rate in Norway is low. Tourists may not fear for their lives and possessions. General safety rules apply: do not carry large sums of money or jewellery with you. Women are safe alone.
Remember that smoking in public places is prohibited here.
Norwegian fish look unfriendly but are safe. The only danger is jellyfish and sharks. The Norwegian Sea is inhabited by giant jellyfish. It leaves temporary redness on your skin. There are also several species of sharks, such as basking shark, Greenland shark, catshark. However, there are no registered cases of human deaths caused by these sharks.
National cuisine is based on fresh seafood. You can go fishing and take your fish to a cooking masterclass to learn some national dishes. Or you can go to a local shop and buy a traditional Norwegian dish — roast or smoked salmon, or Brunost (brown cheese) which is one of the most popular products. The most renowned alcoholic drink is distilled from potatoes and is called Akvavit (water of life).
Tap water in Norway is thoroughly filtered and tastes good. It is safe to drink from the tap because water-supply systems are under strict regulations.