Lebanon, or the Lebanese Republic, is located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The Mountainous terrain is characteristic of the republic. There are no large water bodies, but tourists come here for a mountain lake Bnachii, which name translates as "the beautiful lake".
Marine life is scarce here, and landscapes are flat and deserted, so sunken ships and submarines are the main attractions for divers. For instance, there is a French submarine Souffleur than drowned during the World War II near Beirut. Ten old military tanks were purposely submerged near the city of Sidon to attract divers.
Coastal waters of ancient towns like Tripoli, Sur, Jbeil and Sidon hide ruins and various antiques of the Roman era. They lie at a depth of 10 meters.
Some nice dive shops offer their services on the north-eastern coasts. They rent diving equipment, arrange dive tours and training.
It rains 2 or 3 days a month in Lebanon in spring. The air temperature goes up to +14-25 ˚С. Tripoli is the warmest region, and the air is slightly cooler in other parts of the country. The sea water is rather cool and reaches +17 to +22 ˚С.
Summer days and nights are warm in Lebanon. The air temperature reaches +26-34 ˚С, and the water warms up to +25-29 ˚С. It gets colder in August after the sun goes down.
Autumn brings cool weather with it. In September, however, the air sometimes warms up to +30 ˚С, and water to +26 С. By November, the air temperature cools down to +18-24 ˚С, and the water is around +23 ˚С.
It gets noticeably cold in winter in Lebanon when sun goes down. Sometimes it rains, 4 days a month on average. The average daytime air temperature reaches +11-18 ˚С while the water off the coast warms up to +17-18 ˚С.
One of the most interesting deepwater dive sites is The Lesbien ship. It's a cargo boat that went down during the war. Now it lies at a depth of 60-75 meters 2 kilometres off the coast. AUB Canyon attracts divers with its peaceful atmosphere and a possibility to watch eagle rays. Souffler submarine is the best wreck dive site in the Middle East.
Before visiting Lebanon, you need to obtain health insurance and get vaccinated against typhoid, tetanus and poliomyelitis. If you are coming from a country where yellow fever is found, you must have a yellow fever vaccination certificate to enter Lebanon.
The healthcare in the country is provided at a quite high level. Many hospitals are private, so be ready to make a prepayment before your treatment begins.
The border with Israel is a danger zone due to armed conflicts. Other parts of the country are rather calm. Women should wear headscarves and avoid flashy clothes. Topless sunbathing is prohibited.
When diving, be careful of tiger sharks because they are considered the most dangerous for humans. Besides, it's better to stay away from moray eels, barracudas, black scorpionfish and venomous jellyfish. Watch your step carefully to avoid sea urchins. Their stings are painful and cause inflammation.
Lebanon has long been a commercial hub, and so its cuisine is influenced by many countries of the world. Lebanese cuisine is famous for its diversity and is considered healthy. It is based on fresh fish and seafood, legumes, fruits and vegetables. Locals also like poultry, mutton and goat meat. They use various herbs and seasonings that give the dishes incomparable taste and odour.
We recommend trying local Kebab, Meze (a selection of ten dishes served before the main course), Shanklish (sheep cheese), several varieties of Baklava and domestic coffee. It is recommended to drink only bottled water in this country.