Israel is located in the Middle East, where it is only hundreds of kilometers away from territories with completely different climates and immersion conditions. Israeli diving has existed for more than half a century, and this trend began with amateur groups, which were created by retired military. The west of the country is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the south by the Red Sea. The Dead Sea is also very attractive. It's the second largest salt water reservoir on the planet, but only experienced divers are allowed to dive here.
Each of the seas offers unique conditions for diving and they are attractive as there is a chance of meeting with particular marine fauna. The country's largest lake— Kinneret (Heb. ים כנרת, “yam Kinneret”), better known as the Sea of Galilee, will undoubtedly arouse interest. The Holy Land is a set of temples, places of manifestation of miraculous power, millennial monuments of architecture and various artifacts of antiquity, both on land and under water.
Most divers prefer to dive into the waters of the Red Sea, on the coast of Eilat. The water is very clean and clear, visibility is up to 30 meters — it is easy to see the marine life. For those who like wreck diving, there is an opportunity to explore sunken warships. Just as interesting as diving, is sailing in the Mediterranean Sea where, in addition to the wealth of marine fauna, you can appreciate the magnificence of the underwater kingdom of Herod — here the port of the king was located 2000 years ago. The Dead Sea is less popular because diving here requires special training. But the underwater stalactite landscapes are incredible.
Dive shops in Israel began to appear in the 70s of the last century, and this sphere is already well developed. Schools and clubs offer the services of competent instructors. Here you can try cave diving, and wreck diving, and even night dives. Diving alone is prohibited, so exploring the underwater world off the coast of Israel is better with a partner.
Spring is considered the best season for holidays in Israel — not too hot and not too cold. Temperatures during this period range from +15 ° C in March to +27 ° C in May, the water warms up to +22 ° C.
Summer, and hence the diving season, in the subtropical climate of Israel lasts not three months, but from April to October, and it is characterized by dry weather. The average air temperature in summer is 26 ° С, maximum — 40 ° С. The water at this time warms up to 30 ° C.
The climate of Israel does not have a typicaly recognised autumn season. In October, the weather is still summer, in November — we can already feel the winter coming. The average temperature in this period is 22–24 ° С.
In the winter, temperatures can drop to +10 ° C, but the average is around +18 °C. The coldest month is January. During the winter months, the largest part of annual rainfall falls on the territory of Israel.
The most attractive dive spots of the Red Sea, including wrecks, are located off the coast of Eilat. For diving in the Mediterranean, you can choose a place closer to Haifa — for example, the ancient city of Acre. Where you can come face to face with history both on the surface and under the water. Also be sure to visit Caesarea, an ancient city, where ships of different ears rest near it's shores.
The level of medical services in Israel is high. Doctors may require an advance payment before they begin the treatment, and the cost of treatment is likely to be very high. Before visiting the country, be sure to get medical insurance — without it, you wont be able to get into Israel.
Refrain from traveling to the West Bank and to the Gaza Strip — military operations are taking place in these areas. In general, the crime rate in the country is minimal, since local authorities pay a lot of attention to security issues.
There are many poisonous and predatory inhabitants in the waters of the Red and Mediterranean seas: moray eels, sea urchins, jellyfish, reef stonefishes and, of course, different species of sharks. In order to avoid meeting them, it is recommended to dive exclusively in the places designated for this purpose or accompanied by an instructor.
Israeli cuisine is spices and spiciness of the Middle East with the Sephardic cuisine and Ashkenazi tastes closer to European cuisine. National cuisine strictly follows the laws of kashrut, but there is a lot of non-kosher catering in the country, foods from around the world. Local street food — hummus from chickpea puree with toppings. The Arabic version is falafel. Burekas pies, grill Al ha-esh, Knafe dessert from Kadaif vermicelli and goat cheese, topped with syrup and sprinkled with nuts. Coffee, mint tea and freshly squeezed pomegranate juice are all popular. People in Israel also like beer. The water in the country is completely safe.