Canada has the longest coastline in the world which borders the Pacific ocean in the west, the Atlantic ocean in the east, the Arctic ocean in the north, and Greenland in the northeast. Canada is situated in North America and is the second largest country in the world.
It is filled with many curious underwater attractions. One of them is wrecks, the remains of ships that have wrecked, which confirms the treacherous nature of local waters. Dive sites in British Columbia are known for their extremely rich flora and fauna. Here you will find channels with strong currents, corals, the colourful macro-world, sea anemones, a huge number of fish, earless seals, and sea lions.
Diving opportunities in Canada depend only on an individual's attitude towards water. Although the water here is cold and dark, and the currents are strong and changeable, you will gain a collosal experience and feel incomparable emotions.
Vancouver Island with its numerous straits and fjords is considered the best diving location in Canada. Its marine life contains over 400 species of fish and 5,000 species of invertebrates. Hundreds of dive sites across the province offer fantastic and breathtaking diving experience. You can come across crabs, whales, fur seals, and ling cod that tend to hide or swim gravely in the colourful algae. Wreck diving lovers can explore sunken warships and military aircrafts.
Dive shops in Canada are concentrated in major dive sites on Vancouver Island. Their staff members are experienced diving instructors who teach diving while being active dive explorers themselves. Dive shops offer diving courses, diving under an instructor's supervision, and diving quest games.
The Canadian winter lasts till March. The weather is rainy, with strong winds, while the water and air temperatures remain the same. April and May bring dry weather. In the daytime, the air temperature reaches 17 °C, the water temperature is about 12-14 °C.
Summer with its comfortable air and water temperatures is a high travel season in Canada. However, the water temperature does not exceed 18 °C even during July and August; therefore, you should wear a wetsuit to stay warm while diving.
September offers a nice weather in major dive locations. In the daytime, the air temperature stands at 18 °C while the water temperature remains at 15 °C. The weather is dry and fair, with short rains. The air and water temperatures during November stand at 9 °C.
There is no diving in Canada in winter. The average daytime air temperature ranges from 6 °C during December to 8 °C during February. The water temperature does not exceed 6-7 °C. Winter is characterized by a high level of precipitation.
The Saskatchewan is not only a 111-metre U. S. destroyer but also an artificial reef intentionally sunken on the British Columbia coastline, which is now inhabited by rockfish and octopuses.
The Cape Breton, a World War II ship, is another artificial reef which lies at a depth of 32 metres. When diving to the Cape Breton wreck, you can explore the deckhouse which remains intact.
Canada has one of the best healthcare systems in the world. You can get high-quality medical assistance even in small towns. Travel insurance for Canada is not mandatory but highly recommended due to expensive health services. No vaccinations are required. Canada's crime rate has significantly declined in recent years, however, you should be vigilant. Never leave your personal belongings unattended.
There are no dangerous sea creatures that divers should fear in Canada. Even bluntnose sixgill sharks, despite their gruesome appearance, would prefer chasing fish (like stingrays, molluscs, etc.) to pursuing a human. Bluntnose sixgill sharks hunt alone. They are found in the coastal zone of Canada only in the summertime.
Canadian cuisine is a mix of culinary traditions of the immigrant population. Local dishes include chowder, a seafood soup with bacon, flavoured with spices and lemon juice; sweet carrot pie flavoured with cinnamon and nutmeg; baked French fries with cheese curds, and Canada's pride: maple syrup, which is made from sap of sugar maple. Maple syrup is used in many dishes. The most interesting alcoholic beverage is Ice wine which is made from partially frozen grapes. Tap water is safe to drink.