The Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil) is the world's fifth largest country which is situated in South America. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil is one of the best places in the world for diving. The warm water is perfect for witnessing a picturesque world under the sea with bright and rare coral species and various animals. At certain times of the year you can see rays, sharks, marine turtles, dolphins and whales. Brazilian waters are home for eels, drums, jack mackerels, sardines, tunas, barracudas, crabs and shrimps. The amazing coral reefs, shipwrecks, caves and vibrant sea life show off as many stunning colours as Brazil itself. Popular diving sites include: the Abrolhos Marine National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional Marinho dos Abrolhos), Santa Barbara Island, Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Portuguese: Fernando de Noronha).
One of the best diving sites is the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (Portuguese: Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha) which is on the UNESCO world heritage list. The Marine State Park on Laje de Santos island (Portuguese Laje de Santos) is very attractive due to the rich world found underwater. An especially popular resort town is Búzios (Portuguese: Armação dos Búzios). Angra dos Reis (Portuguese: Angra dos Reis) is a good place to explore shipwrecks. Lobos island (Portuguese: Lobos) is paradise for divers.
Most of the dive shops are situated on the coast of São Paulo (Portuguese São Paulo) and Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese Rio de Janeiro). Divers can rent equipment, hire a transfer and a guide. These services are both for experienced divers and for beginners.
Spring in Brazil starts in September, the temperature rises up to +30 °C. October is hot and dry, the air warms up to +40 °C. November brings heat and heavy rain storms. The water temperature varies between +22 and +26 °C.
December marks the start of summer but the wet season continues at this time. The air temperature varies from +32 °C to +40 °C. The high humidity makes weather conditions extremely uncomfortable. The water temperature is +29 °C.
The Brazilian autumn starts in March with rains and air temperature of +24 °C. April is especially rainy, with temperatures from +23 to 25 °C. There is almost no precipitation in May, the temperature is +30 °C. The water warms up to +25 °C.
The Brazilian winter starts in June. The temperature varies between +20 and +30 °C in different regions. July is cool, the temperature is +25 °C. August is dry, the temperature reaches +24 °C and the water temperature reaches +21 °C.
There are lots of unique and picturesque dive sites in Brazil. The islands on the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago include: Botinas, Laje de Santos, Papagaios, National Park on Cardoso island and the Rocas Atoll.
Insect bites and drinking dirty water can lead to unpleasant health consequences. In order to prevent this, vaccines against yellow fever, hepatitis and malaria are necessary before you travel. Healthcare in Brazil is among the best in the world: a lot of leading clinics are located here and the prices are competitive.
Although there are a lot of police on the streets of Brazil, the crime rate is still high. Tourists can be robbed and encounter other problems. To prevent dangerous situations you shouldn't use buses and explore streets alone.
Follow standard safety rules. The underwater world is full of danger. Please note that shark attacks are frequent in Brazil, especially on the coast of Recife city.
Brazilian cuisine resembles that of any other Latin American country. It consists of meat, beans and fruit. There are local delicacies as well, such as lobster in coconut milk or a dish made out of alligator, which is called jacare. For dessert they cook cashew sweets or sweets with honey and nuts to make sweets called Olho de sogra ('mother-in-law's eye'). Drinkers can enjoy vodka with lemon or sugar or rum. Drinking water in Brazil is not very clean so it is best to drink only bottled water.